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Tea Origin

The history of Lapsang Souchong

The history of Lapsang Souchong

1. The origin of Lapsang Souchong black tea
As the ancestor of black tea in the world, Lapsang Souchong has a history of more than 400 years since its birth. According to historical records, Tung trees were called Renyi仁义 Township in Chong'an崇安 County in the Song Dynasty. The workers here mainly relied on tung oil and the production of green tea-like "Long Tuan Feng Cake"龙团凤饼 tribute tea. Due to the prosperity of tung oil production, a large number of tung oil trees were planted in the local area. Influenced by the development of tung oil, this area was named Tongmu桐木. It is also the gateway to and from the Central Plains, so it is called Tongmuguan. The Jiang family of Zhengshantang has lived here for generations.
In the middle and late Ming Dynasty, the situation was turbulent. One day around 1568 AD, during the tea-picking season, a group of officers and soldiers passed by Tongmu. In order to avoid the disturbance, Jiang Gong江氏祖先, the ancestor of Zhengshantang, did not have time to make tea from the tea leaves picked that day. The officers and soldiers slept on the tea leaves. After the officers and soldiers left, the tea leaves that were originally made into green tea had turned red. Jiang Gong kneaded the fermented tea leaves repeatedly and baked them with masson pine, which is rich in paulownia wood. Masson pine produces rich pine smoke during the burning process. After the tea absorbs the pine smoke, the color becomes dark and oily, exuding a unique rosin aroma. The next year, someone actually ordered this tea at several times the price of green tea. Lapsang Souchong black tea was born in this wonderful way.

At the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century (about 1604), Lapsang Souchong was spread overseas and brought to Europe by Dutch merchants. At first, it was sold in pharmacies for its therapeutic functions. At this time, no other black tea in the world had been born. Lapsang souchong entered the UK and was sold to the public in a cafe called Garvey in London. The price was as high as 6 to 10 pounds. The sales poster said: The texture is mild and suitable for all seasons. The drink is hygienic and healthy and has the effect of prolonging life. The effect. But then black tea became popular among the British royal family and even the whole of Europe, setting off the "afternoon tea" trend that has been passed down to this day.
William Ux's "Encyclopedia of Tea" records: In 1607, the Dutch East India Company first purchased Wuyi black tea (Lapsang Souchong) from Macau in Lingnan, China, and re-exported it to Europe via Java. At that time, the European tea market was dominated by Japanese green tea. Lapsang Souchong had a mellow flavor and quickly occupied the European tea market. Black tea quickly became popular in the British Isles. This is the earliest record of tea export to China.

In 1662, when the Portuguese princess Catherine married King Charles II, she brought several boxes of Chinese "Lapsang Souchong" black tea as a dowry. Later, Queen Anne advocated replacing wine with tea. As a treasure at the time, Lapsang Souchong black tea was introduced into the upper class and gradually evolved into "afternoon tea".
"New Chronicles of Chong'an County" records: "English people say that the red color of Wuyi tea is Mashan, and the quality is far better than Ceylon and India. Anyone who treats guests with Wuyi tea will stand up and pay tribute." This shows that Lapsang Souchong. Black tea was highly favored by the upper class society at that time. The British affectionately call tea "vanilla", and everyone from nobles to common people love black tea. Since then, Lapsang Souchong black tea has become a symbol of Chinese black tea in European history and a famous tea drunk in the world.
In 1876, Keemun black tea was successfully trial-produced on the basis of Lapsang Souchong black tea. Subsequently, Gongfu black tea from various parts of China also followed the Lapsang Souchong process, and gradually developed Dianhong, Minnan black tea and other Gongfu black teas from various places.

2. Why is it called Lapsang Souchong black tea?
The word "Lapsang Souchong" black tea was first called BOHEA in Europe. Legend has it that it is the Minnan pronunciation of the place name of Wuyi. In Europe (the United Kingdom) it is the symbol of Chinese tea. Later, due to the prosperity of trade, the locals artificially distinguished it from other fake small Growing black tea (artificial souchong or tobacco souchong) disrupted the market, so it was named "Lapsang souchong".
The so-called "Zhengshan" means something produced in a real high mountain area. Its coverage area is centered on Miaowan庙湾 and Jiangdun江墩 Natural Village of Tongmu Village in Wuyishan, extending to Shilong石垅 in Qianshan

铅山, Jiangxi in the north, Baiyeping百叶坪in Caodun曹墩in Wuyishan in the south, Da'an大安 Village in Wuyishan in the east, Guangze光泽 Siqiangankeng司前干坑 in the west, and ShaowulongLake邵武龙湖in the southwest. Guanyin Keng观音坑 has a radius of 565 square kilometers. Most of them are now in the Wuyishan National Nature Reserve in Fujian. The soil is fertile and the tea produced is of unparalleled quality.

"Souchong" refers to the variety of tea tree. Lu Tingcan陆廷灿mentioned in "Suijianlu" in "Xu Tea Classic": "Wuyi tea, those on the mountains are rock tea, those by the water are continent tea,...the best one is called Gongfu tea. If there are small species after a long period of time, they will be named after the trees. No more than two of each plant will be obtained, so no more can be obtained."
3. Production of Lapsang Souchong

In Tongmuguan in Wuyi Mountain, there are two wooden buildings called "Qinglou"青楼, which are factories specially used to make Lapsang Souchong black tea.
In the past, the production of lapsang souchong required one bud and three or four leaves as raw materials. This was not done on rainy days, dewy leaves, hot sun, or rain the day before. The tea trees in Tongmu Mountain are wild and mixed, and even the most skilled tea pickers can only pick up 10 kilograms of tea greens in a day.
The picked fresh leaves are spread out on wooden boards or bamboo strips in a sparse manner, and the weather, temperature, humidity, and wind are used to distribute the moisture in the leaves, making the tea green soft and able to be rolled into strips. The masson pine wood is burned to control the temperature during withering. Every 30 minutes, the tea greens are gathered together again and spread out to dry again, so that each tea green can be spread evenly.
When 100 pounds of fresh leaves remove 40 pounds of water, it is the best time to knead. Twisting is not only to shape the beautiful shape of the tea leaves, but also to destroy cells and accelerate oxidation.
Fermentation is the most critical process for forming the quality characteristics of black tea's color, aroma and taste. Cover the bamboo tea basket with a damp cloth and wait for seven hours. The tea leaves will change from green to bronze, and the aroma will become more leisurely.
Passing the red pot is a unique process of Lapsang Souchong. The high temperature of 180 degrees prevents the tea leaves from continuing to ferment, and also enhances the aroma and sweetness of the tea leaves.

Immediately afterwards, the tea greens are spread on the bamboo strips, and the masson pine is slowly burned in the underground fire stove. The pine smoke is transmitted to the drying room along the cracks of the bricks. The tea leaves are wrapped in the bamboo strips and are wrapped in the rosin released by the burning of the old pine wood. surround. The temperature evaporates the excess water in the tea leaves and infuses the Lapsang Souchong with the final smoky aroma. This Lapsang Souchong black tea, made with masson pine smoke, has a strong pine incense and the unforgettable sweetness of longan.
After more than ten hours, the traditional Lapsang Souchong black tea produced in Tongmuguan was made. Under the boiling water, the aroma of pine smoke mixed with longan and a fruity aroma lingers on the tip of the nose. The slowly smoked rosin lasts for a long time and remains full of flavor after brewing many times.

4. What is the difference between Lapsang Souchong and Waishan Souchong?
The national standard GB/T13738 for Lapsang Souchong black tea points out: Lapsang Souchong must use tea tree raw materials centered on Miaowan and Jiangdun Natural Village of Tongmu Village in Wuyishan National Nature Reserve within a radius of 565 square kilometers. This black tea is made by traditional craftsmanship and has the aroma of pine smoke and dried longan.

The difference between Lapsang Souchong and Waishan Souchong is:
1. Definition of geographical scope: The origin of Lapsang Souchong black tea is in Tongmuguan, Wuyishan. According to the "Chinese Tea Classic", "The place inside the Paulownia tree is Lapsang Mountain." All tea produced in Tongmuguan is called Lapsang Mountain. The tea produced near Wuyi Mountain or other areas is called Waishan to distinguish it from the souchong black tea produced outside Tongmuguan.
2. Production process requirements: Lapsang Souchong is the ancestor of black tea, and it is also the most classic and traditional tea species. The real Lapsang Souchong black tea needs to be made from tea leaves from high mountain tea trees in the Wuyi Mountain area, using traditional techniques and passing through masson pine. Made by natural smoke baking process.
3. Difference in quality: Lapsang Souchong is a high-mountain tea with a special alpine charm, mellow taste, and is resistant to brewing and storage. Waishan Souchong is mostly low-mountain tea, which has a thin background and is not resistant to brewing.
Due to scarcity of raw materials or imperfect technology, most of the Lapsang Souchong currently on the market are not produced locally in Wuyi Mountain, and are made using Kungfu black tea technology, which does not have the aroma of pine smoke. It is a product with no production date, no quality certificate, no production standards, no manufacturer, and unknown origin. Some even add sugar to the surface to add sweetness.
The above is the sharing about Lapsang Souchong black tea. It mainly gives you a brief introduction from the origin, production process, naming and distinction of Lapsang Souchong. I hope you can gain something from this sharing.

It is “Bense”本色, made by Zhengshantang using traditional techniques and smoked with masson pine wood. It has a strong aroma of pine smoke and dried longan, which preserves the integrity of the tea leaves and is more suitable for the taste of modern people.

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Tea Maker Certificate

茶艺师证书报考条件:

1、初级(五级)茶艺师报考条件:
(符合下列条件之一)
(1) 累计从事本职业或相关职业工作1年(含)以上。
(2)本职业或相关职业学徒期满。
2、中级(四级)茶艺师报考条件:
(符合下列条件之一)
(1)取得本职业或相关职业五级/初级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书)后,累计从事本职业工作4年(含)以上。
(2)累从事本职或相关职业工作6年(含)上。
(3)取得技工学校本专业或相关专业毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生):或取得经评估论证,以中级技能为培养目标的中等及以上职业学校本专业或相关专业毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生)。
3、 高级(三级)茶艺师报考条件:
(符合下列条件之一)
(1)取得本职业或相关职业四级/中级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书)后,累计从事本职业或相关职业工作5年(含)以上。
(2)取得本职业或相关职业四级/中级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书),并具有高级技工学校、技师学院毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生);或取得本职业或相关职业四级/中级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书)。并具有经评估论证,以高级技能为培养目标的高等职业学校本专业或相关专业毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生)。
(3)具有大专及以上本专业或相关专业毕业证书,并取得本职业或相关职业四级/中级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书)后,累计从事本职业或相关职业工作2年(含)以上。
——————————————————————————————————

评茶师证书报考条件:

1、报考四级/中级工需满足条件(满22周岁)(任一即可)
① 取得本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)初级工职业资格证书后,累计从事本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)工作4年(含)以上。
① 累计从事本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)工作满6年(含)以上。
② 取得技工学校本专业或相关专业毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生);或取得经评估论证、以中级技能为培养目标的中等及以上职业学校本专业或相关专业毕业证书(含尚未取得毕业证书的在校应届毕业生)。
2、报考三级/高级工需满足条件(满26周岁)(任一即可)
② 取得本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)中级工职业资格证书后,累计从事本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)工作5年(含)以上。
③ 累计从事本职业(工种)或相关职业(工种)工作满10年以上,并持有本职业或相关职业中级工职业资格证书。
④ 具有大专及以上本专业或相关专业毕业证书,并取得本职业四级/中级工职业资格证书(技能等级证书)后,累计从事本职业工作2年(含)以上。
⑤ 本专业或相关专业大专(含技工院校高级工班)以上高等职业院校在校生可提前一年申报高级工职业技能鉴定。
———————————————————————————————————

正山堂提供报考茶旅项目:

由海峡两岸茶业交流协会&福建正山堂茶业有限公司 联合举办

2023年7月3日-8日 人数限定:40人 
收费标准(含培训费、材料费、鉴定费、落地接待费中级培训考证
中级培训考证 价格:3580 元/人
中级培训考证+茶旅 价格:5080元/人
高级培训考证 价格:3780 元/人
高级培训考证+茶旅 价格:5280元/人
培训及茶旅地点培训地点:福建省福州市晋安区福飞北路 58 号丽祥大厦
茶旅地点:福建省武夷山市国家级自然保护区&国家级 5A 级旅游风景区

历年茶旅一览:

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茶圣故居——湖北与茶之渊源

湖北的茶文化历史非常的悠久,如果从这个茶界名人的角度来说,湖北省的茶界名人可以说是最多的,首当其冲的就是茶圣陆羽他是湖北人,我们先不说,因为陆羽的故事比较长,在他之前的一个在茶界也是响当当的名人,也是中国历史上数一数二的名人,这个人我一提名字,大家都知道他叫诸葛亮。

有人会说了,诸葛亮,我们当然知道了,诸葛亮,就是大名鼎鼎的卧龙先生,我们中国历史上非常著名的三国时期的诸葛亮,是蜀汉政权的头号军师。在历史上也有很多的关于诸葛亮的民间故事,当然他们有的来自于民间传说,有的来自于小说演绎,比如说诸葛亮草船借箭、七擒孟获、造木牛流马等等,诸葛亮在中国人的心目当中,那是智慧的化身,那是军神,但有人会说,我们都了解历史当中的,或者演绎当中的诸葛亮,可是诸葛亮和茶有什么关系呢?

民间传说,中国西南地区的很多人和从事茶叶生产劳动的人是非常尊崇诸葛亮的。

中国的西南地带,历史上就是少数民族混杂的地区,那当然从自然的地理条件来说呢,这个地方有非常多的奇怪地理现象。对比如说对行军非常不利的一种瘴气,就是一种自然界当中弥漫着有毒的气体,据说诸葛亮有一次,带领军队在这个行军的过程当中呢,遭受到了这个瘴气的袭扰,很多士兵就得病了,那诸葛亮就找来了当地的茶叶给士兵们,使得这个很多士兵的疾病,得到了一定的缓解,那说到这个故事,其实也说明了茶的这种解毒的功能。

我们之前都有了解,传说神农尝百草日遇七十二毒,得荼而解之就是得茶而解之,最早中国人发现茶并且利用茶的时,可能用到的主要的就是它的解毒的这种功效,所以说把诸葛亮和茶绑在一起,那么这是有一定的原因可循的,那有人说诸葛亮不是山东人吗?他跟这个湖北有什么关系?我们都知道,诸葛亮的隆中对,刘备,三顾茅庐,找到了这个诸葛亮,诸葛亮写下了著名的隆中对,那么在诸葛亮的另外一个作品。我们小时候都背过这个出师表里面说“臣本布衣躬耕于南阳苟全性命于乱世不求闻达于诸侯”。这里面的提到了一个地理名称叫做南阳,躬耕于南阳,那有人就说了这个南阳的应该是今天的河南省地区,也有人去争论说南阳其实是襄阳,那么就位于今天的湖北省。所以呢当然专家们怎么去考据,我们姑且不去凑这个热闹。有人说可能是河南,有人说呢可能是湖北。但无论怎么说吧,因为古代的地理名称包括这个行政划分和今天的都有区别,所以我们在这儿呢就姑且把诸葛亮算作他的一生当中有相当长的时间是在湖北说吧,因为古代的地理名称,包括这个行政划分和今天的都有区别,那大家都知道诸葛亮是荆州名士,刘备呢也是到荆州之后才去仿这个诸葛亮,那如果说到荆州来说呢,他最主要的地界儿还是今天的湖北。所以说呢,我们把诸葛亮算作是湖北名人的代表之一,恐怕也不足为过。

那么说完了诸葛亮,说完了诸葛亮和茶之间的故事,我们再来说一说湖北的另外一位和茶有着很深刻渊源的人。在公元九世纪没十世纪初的时候,湖北省因为大名鼎鼎的人物,陆羽,陆鸿渐被后代称为茶圣,在茶文化的领域中,可以说是茶文化的一个启蒙时代,也是陆羽的时代,陆羽字鸿渐,他的名字出自于周易《渐》卦,原文是“鸿渐于陆,其羽可用为仪”,所以可见陆羽也是一个文化名人,不管他的这个名字是他的师父给他起的,还是他自己后来改的,从这个名字我们也可以看出来,这是一个非常有文化内涵的一个名字。他的本意呢就是大雁飞到了空中非常自由的翱翔,它的寓意非常的美好,那么他的名字出自于周易,也是中国最古老的一本典籍,无论是在陆羽自己写的陆文学自传,还是在新唐书,这个才子传里边,后人对于陆羽传记的描述我们都可以看到的陆羽是一个孤儿,因为出现了一句话叫“不知何许人也”就是陆羽自己也不知道自己是打哪来的,是一个孤儿,他的身世背景还是多少的令人心酸。不过呢这和他后来的成就比起来当然是励志的。那么陆羽是湖北复州竟陵人,就是今天的湖北省天门市,位于湖北省中部,距离武汉不太远,所以呢陆羽是根红苗正的湖北人。

陆羽小的时候,因为他是一个孤儿,抚养他长大的的是龙盖寺的智积禅师,陆羽自己回忆自己小的时候在寺庙里的生活,还是苦不堪言的,按照他的描述,这个寺里的其他的僧人对他不是非常的友好,师兄弟们也不是很待见他,尤其呢他的这个老师智积禅师还曾经对他进行过一些体罚,当然我们说这是出自于一种类似父亲般的仁爱,所以才给他一点小小的惩罚,还是说真的是对他不好,那这个我们当然无从去考据,但是我们从陆羽个人的叙述上来看,他对于他小的时候,在寺庙里的这一段生活,还是觉得非常痛苦的,所以他在十几岁的年纪,就一个人悄悄的从寺庙跑出来了。后来呢,有学者推敲说,陆羽是因为不喜欢佛法,他本人的更喜欢红尘当中的生活,尤其是他的思想更偏向于中国的儒家思想,我觉得这些解释都非常的牵强,对于一个十几岁的孩子,这样一个年纪的孩子,能够从他长大的地方逃跑出来,一个人浪迹江湖,可见他对于当时他的生活环境还是非常不满的。

那小陆羽从这个寺庙里跑出来以后呢,他是去了一个戏班子,用今天的话来说就是流动的马戏团。陆羽在自己的自传里面写道我本人长的不好看,而且不光是不好看还口吃,说话结巴,所以这样的一个长相不好看,然后说说话又磕磕巴巴的人登上舞台是很难的一件事情。不过陆羽自有他生存的本领,他的文笔非常好,而且思维敏捷。所以陆羽就在这个戏班子里面写剧本,用今天的概念来说叫编剧,来给这个戏班子,做一些后台的工作。

那有一次呢当地的这个太守去看戏的时候就忽然觉得某一出戏特别好,就开始打听这一部戏是谁创作的,于是就结识了陆羽,陆羽就遇上了他人生当中的第一位贵人——晋陵的太守,这人叫李奇物。那太守李齐物与陆羽结缘之后,他对这个陆羽是非常的怜惜,这么小的一个孩子,有着这么好的才华,如果不去读书就这样去浪迹江湖,那真是可惜了。所以呢太守李齐物,自己出钱送给这个陆羽到火门山的这个邹夫子这里,去学习文化课程。这是陆羽人生当中遇到的第一位贵人,也是能够让他飞上麻雀变凤凰的一个契机,就这样陆羽到了邹夫子这里学习了三年练就了自己的一身本领。

陆羽二十出头岁的时候,刚好也是赶上唐代著名的安史之乱,那么引起了整个社会的动荡不安,于是陆羽借着这个乱世的机会就开始四处的拜访高人,四处的游山玩水,四处的去考察茶这种植物以及它背后的文化,陆羽和茶结缘和抚养他长大的这个智积禅师有关系,陆羽小的时候在智积禅师身旁做侍茶的工作,帮他师傅烧水煎茶,所以陆羽在很小的时候就接触了茶,并产生了深厚的感情,所以陆羽出山以后呢,想到的很重要的一个事情,就是他要去走遍各处的茶产区去调研,探索茶在各处的文化、特点,制作方法等等。

就这样,陆羽用了几年的时间走遍了很多的名茶产区,这些游学的经历,为陆羽在茶学领域的研究打下了一个非常好的基础。陆羽在 30 岁出头的时候撰写茶经,那么年轻就敢自己去创作一本前所未有的专业作品,不仅不感叹陆羽真的是在茶学方面的一个天才。陆羽在后期写茶经的时候,专劈出来一章来写各地的名茶,所有他写到的这些地方都是他亲身去到过的地方,甚至亲自去采下那里的茶叶,亲自去制作。可见到茶区游学的经历,使陆羽了解到了很多地区背后的茶的故事,从而点燃了他写下世界第一本茶叶专著的激情,也带动了茶叶在唐朝的快速发展,吸引了无数文人墨客留下对茶的溢美之词。

经过了十来年的云游天下终于陆羽在一个地方落下了脚跟,这个地方就是今天的江苏省的湖州。陆羽在湖州落脚,想必有两个原因,第一个原因就是陆羽认为湖州这个地方的茶叶特别好,我们知道在唐代,主要的贡茶——顾渚紫笋就是出产于今天的湖州这个附近的,很多人认为顾诸紫笋,之所以能够名声大噪,最主要的原因就是陆羽的推动,陆羽向很多朋友推荐顾诸紫笋这种名茶。陆羽留在湖州的第二个原因是因为他结识了他一生当中的非常重要的一位好朋友,这个人呢是一个僧人,他俗家姓谢,据说呢,他是谢灵运的直系后代,可见也是出身于名门之后,不过后来呢,这个人落发为僧,法号皎然.

皎然的名气非常大,想必很多人也都听过。皎然写过很多很多的诗,并且他在茶界也是非常有影响力的一个人物,我们一般说到中国的茶道精神,简美和静这个第一个“简”字也是陆羽茶道精神当中,最重要的一种精神,这个“简”就是受到了皎然和尚的影响。陆羽和皎然成为了非常要好的朋友,并且也到皎然所在的这个寺庙里面去居住,他们之间发生了非常多的故事,后来又遇到了唐代大名鼎鼎的文人——大书法家颜真卿。也是当时的颜真卿的提携下,陆羽和皎然的很多思想才能够流传于世,关于陆羽和皎然的故事,我们如果有机会的时候,再详细的跟大家说。总之茶圣陆羽诞生在湖北省,也注定了湖北省茶文化的兴盛和发达。

那么我们从历史的角度聊了一下,湖北在历史上和茶相关的名人,我们说到诸葛亮,说到茶圣陆羽,接下来我想和大家聊一聊湖北的茶首先一说到湖北省,湖北的省会武汉给我们留下的印象很深,也是我们这次疫情的重灾区,在这里呢,我也祝福武汉和在武汉工作的朋友们,早日恢复正常的生活。武汉地理位置非常的特殊,位于汉水和长江的交汇处。其实在历史上并没有武汉这个城市这个名称,它是由三个镇组成的分别是武昌,汉口和汉阳,所以说武汉三镇,这么三个城镇组合在一起变成了一个武汉,所以武汉给我们留下的第一印象就是这个城市真的是大,这种大体现在他面积大,人口密集。我们都知道武汉是一个著名的工业城市。那这里呢,我想说的是武汉不仅有工业,而且呢有很多的历史古迹,比如说黄鹤楼,”故人已乘黄鹤去,此地空余黄鹤楼”,比如说鹦鹉洲等等的。很多古诗里面描绘的名胜古迹,今天大家到武汉也能够看到。

武汉的茶文化,也有它的独到之处,有各种各样的茶馆儿、茶空间。即使武汉是现代化的大都市,也掩盖不了这个城市浓厚的文化氛围。

湖北主要以绿茶为主,在九十年代的时候湖北省有很多的绿茶拿出去参赛,也获得了很多的荣誉。不过呢,在当代的茶叶市场里边湖北的茶却不是很出名。就比如说离我们比较近的,在十九世纪的时候湖北省的有一款红茶在当时来说可以说是闻名于世,那产自宜昌的红茶,它的名字就叫宜红。我们今天很多时候一说宜红的时候大家想到的是宜兴红茶,确实宜兴红茶这些年在市场上的运作当中还不错,但是湖北的宜昌的红茶才是真正的名副其实的宜红。所以说到宜红的时候指的是宜昌的红茶。

那宜昌红茶在十九世纪的时候就非常的出名。当时出口到英国、俄罗斯、欧洲等地。对于宜昌的红茶都是非常的认可。不过呢在二十世纪以后宜昌的红茶从产量到销量来说都有很大的一个下跌。尤其是在抗日战争时期,这个宜昌的红茶场,比较大的基本上都倒闭了,在建国以后,我们又重新搞活这个茶经济。宜昌这块又重新的恢复去生产红茶。不过在当代的这个茶叶市场当中确实是很难再见到宜昌红茶,这一点呢也非常的可惜,所以呢我个人也非常希望宜昌这个地方的红茶什么时候能够在振兴起来。

说到湖北的茶,其实我第一个反应就是恩施玉露,产自恩施这个地方,但是这个地方水土环境非常好,也是阿富硒含量很高,所以呢现在一提到恩施的茶呢,大家可能很多人首先想到的不是恩施玉露,而是恩施富硒茶,那当然这是从自然环境的角度来说,土壤比较好环境比较好。恩施玉露,是一个历史名茶。我们知道茶叶再加工演变的过程的时候,茶最早的时候是蒸青绿茶为主。后来主要改为炒青绿茶,我们今天喝到的大多数的绿茶都是炒青或者烘青。不过如果炒青或者烘青,不过如果说国内哪个地方还保留这种蒸青工艺,首当其冲的就是恩施的玉露,蒸青绿茶现在是主要日本人在做,日本做的这个抹茶、煎茶都是蒸清工艺的,那我们中国的绿茶,大多是炒青和烘青为主的,因为恩施这个地方一直还有做日本的出口生意,所以这个蒸青绿茶的工艺就保留下来了,所以有的时候我们买这个茶的时候,买到国产的蒸青绿茶,那肯定就是湖北省的恩施玉露。所以呢这也算是一道非常有特色的一道绿茶。

我们正山堂骏眉中国目前也有湖北产区的茶,巴东红产于中国湖北省恩施土家族苗族自治州巴东县。巴东地处北纬 30 度,位于湖北西部,长江中上游两岸,北靠神农架,南依武陵山。是神农尝百草、首次发现茶叶的地方。这里资源丰富,土壤肥沃,富含硒等多种微量元素,素有“世界硒都、华中药库、鄂西林海”和“华中动植物基因库’之美誉。正山堂.骏眉中国巴东红优选巴东境内高山生态茶芽原料结合正山堂传承四百余年的红茶文化与骏眉创新技艺,匠心敬制红茶珍品。

 

YuQing
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Tea Region - Yunnan Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Yunnan Black Tea

Yunnan Black tea, Big leaf kind fragrance in Yun nan province.

Anyone who has drunk Zheng Shan Tang Dian Yunnan Black tea has been amazed by its aroma. As a unique big-leaf black tea in the Splendid China series, Zheng Shan Tang Yunnan Black tea is known for its outstanding quality.

It is made from the high-altitude high quality big-leaf tea buds in Fengqing County, the hometown of the world's Yunnan Black Tea, and is based on Zheng Shantang's more than 400 years of heritage black tea making technique, innovated and made with devotion.

In Fengqing territory, rain and heat in the same season, dry and cool in the same season, mild climate, sunshine, warm in winter and cool in summer, rains often, dry and humid depart. The local forest is dense, and the deciduous dead grasses form a deep humus layer, and the soil is fertile. High content of other ingredients.

Fengqing County has a long history of tea cultivation and tea making, and there is a 3200-year-old cultivated ancient tea tree, the Xiangzhu turnip, before the Republic of China. More than 20,000 acres of ancient tea plantations and 30,000 acres of wild ancient tea trees are cultivated. The Yunnan black tea produced here is famous both at home and abroad, and has been presented as a national gift to the Queen of England, the President and Prime Minister of Sri Lanka and other foreign dignitaries.

The result is this tea that will leave you wanting more, from its appearance to its taste! The tea leaves are tightly knotted and fat, and the golden hairs are distinctive. rich and lasting aroma, mellow and fresh smooth taste, The aftertaste is obvious, and the leaves are bright red and uniform.

Combining the excellent raw materials from the nine provinces with the finest production areas, Zheng Shan Tang is crafted by a team of experienced tea masters to combine the flavors of nine types of Jun Mei black teas. Yunnan black tea, Junmei black tea, Xinyang black tea, Huijie black tea, Pu'an black tea, Mengshan black tea, Badong black tea, Guzhang black tea, Xin'an black tea, are congealed into a cup of China. A Classic Taste. Junmei China Black Tea, stunning the China tea world.

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Tea Region - Pu'an Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Pu'an Black Tea

Historical town with Thousand years of big leaf tea.

(Wanfeng Forest, Guizhou province)

With the slightest change in the subtropical humid monsoon climate, the original ecological tea hills of Pu'an in China's Guizhou province are coated in a layer of blue and daffodil. Veil. Spring warm breeze, the wilderness and pure sky, China's tea country treasures - Pu'an Black tea, inherit the world's tea source of ancient rhyme, and the Chinese black tea.

 

China's Guizhou black tea has a long history to talk.

Pu'an, China, in the south-east of Guizhou province, is known as the "Hometown of Ancient Tea Trees". Two million years ago, the ancient tea tree, called Siqiu Ancient Tea Tree, was found in Guizhou. The junction of southwest Qianxi province Pu'an Qinglong town. Pu'an County now has more than 20,000 wild SiQiu ancient tea trees, the longest of which can reach four or five thousand years old, and has been identified by experts as the oldest tea tree in the world. Pu'an, belonging to the Wumeng Mountains in the southwest of the Qiannan Plateau, is one of the earliest tea areas in Guizhou Province to introduce Yunnan big-leaved species. In the 1980s, Yunnan big-leaved species was introduced to Pu'an in Guizhou's Qianxi Province, where it is found at high altitude, it has adapted to the new growth environment, the inner quality of a certain change, but also benefited from the mountains and rivers of years of accumulation, taste The thicker and sweeter, it forms an ancient tea tree rich thyme in Puan characteristics.

(Puan County)

 

(Pu'an Black tea press conference)

 

(Pu'an Siqiu tea tree,Tree age:3200 years)

 

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Tea Region - Kuaiji Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Kuaiji Black Tea

Kuaiji Black teaTop black tea in eastern China

When talk about Jiangnan in China, people always associate the Wupeng boat, the Black Ink painting and the misty rain, the same gray, knowing it was spent, but I do not know flowers fragrant

And Shaoxing, is the most beautiful place in the South of the Yangtze River, its the most affluent city in the past,  and the most beautiful city in the South, the beauty of China's landscape and the poetry of the South in this blend; its location in Eastern China Coastal, southern Yangtze River delta,  now it’s the culture origination of Jiangsu province and Zhejiang province ; also as a famous city, have” the nation, tour divine spot of the mansion, cultural object of land of plenty, silk tea" of call.

In more than 2500 years of history, the ancient city of Shaoxing has nurtured the spiritual beauty of Kuaiji Mountain and deep humanistic heritage, known as " The city of beautiful scenery", "the state of historical relics", "the place of celebrities". Shaoxing Kuaiji Mountain, the first of the nine famous mountains in ancient times, known as "Mountain of God", has a deep and long humanistic heritage. It is the place where great Yu, pacified the floods and restored the country; where King Zhou restored the nation in hard environment; where poet Wang Xizhi, Xie An and Sun Chuo met. Lanting, compiled into the Lanting Poems; Lu You and Tang Wan meet in Shen Garden, create the touching poet Phoenix Hairpin. Here is also a place of celebrities, " Sage of Calligraphy" Wang Xizhi, famous poet of the Tang Dynasty He Zhizhang, modern literary giant Lu Xun, the modern era. Cai Yuanpei, a leading scholar, Qiu Jin, a patriotic revolutionary; Ma Yinchu, a famous economist and educator; Wu Juenong, a contemporary tea sage and other celebrities are all from this place.

Today, Shaoxing has 8 national and provincial scenic spots, more than 3600 cultural heritage and national intangible Cultural Heritage, known as "a museum without walls".

Kuaiji Mountain

The beauty of the landscape and cultural prosperity complement each other, the achievements of a generation of celebrities and scholars, also breeds a good tea. Shaoxing is well known as "the hometown of Chinese tea culture". Tea production has a long history, tea culture is profound, raised in the Han Dynasty on the planting, harvesting and drinking tea customs. Lu Yu in the "the classic of the tea" in praise of the tea here, Shaoxing landscape for the low hills, the territory cross the rivers, the mountains, have southern warm and humid climate, four distinct seasons, especially for all kinds of The growth of crops. Shaoxing territory rolling the tea mountains, all the number of the tea scene, tea garden area in the province of Zhejiang accounted for the first, with the development of tea industry is blessed with Conditions.

 

Jiangnan's mountains and rivers moisten the land of Shaoxing's deep cultural heritage, the ancient city of a thousand years of long history of culture and give mountains and rivers. The spiritual charm. Therefore, this place has beautiful scenery, rich culture raises the famous tea rhyme.

Kuaiji black tea is nurtured in such a natural fertile land and cultural holy land. This tea is a blend of the essence of Kuaiji Mountain and the poetry of Jiangnan's picturesque scenery and humanities. The beautiful mountains and rivers of Jiangnan.

 Kuaiji black tea, the leaves of which are harvested from the original ecology of Kuaiji Mountain and protected as a globally important agricultural cultural heritage Tea Tree. This tea is the result of Zheng Shan Tang's more than 400 years of perseverance and inheritance of black tea, adhering to the philosophy of ecological tea making and healthy tea making. Refined by innovative technology. Observe its shape is handsome, with slender and curly cords, dark and lustrous; enjoy its clear and bright soup, amber in color; smell its fragrance, long and fresh. Aromas of flowers, fruits and honey, with a fresh and sweet taste; tasting its mild and mellow taste, with obvious sweetness, smooth the mouth; looking at the uniformity of its bottom, the color is like bronze, we leaves shaped like pine needles, and still has an aftertaste and long throat rhyme after more than ten brewing. In a word: this tea, "contains the style of Kuaiji, melting WuYi charm, get the taste of Jiangnan".

Kuaiji Black tea, from the preparatory construction in 2012 to the official listing in 2013, the emergence of Kuaiji Black tea has created a new era for the quality black tea in Jiangsu and Zhejiang province and brand-new market pattern, is the revival of Shaoxing black tea industry.

Chinese black tea has variety of style, but Kuaiji black tea, which merge the tea rhyme of Kuaiji Mountain and the flavor of Shaoxing, is really the "best black tea in the Jiangnan area". ". Tasting Kuaiji Black tea, recalling the ancient charm of Jiangnan.

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Tea Region - Xinyang Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Xinyang Black Tea

From the founding of the Jin Jun Mei to the Xinyang black tea.

 

When the handed-down techniques of Wuyi in the southern part of China are combined with the high mountains of Xinyang in the northern part of China, Zheng Shan Tang - Xinyang Black tea, concentrates the benevolence and harmony of the China centra plains.

 China - Xinyang, Henan Province, is located in the upper reaches of Huai River and the northern foot of Ta-pieh Mountains. Historic Ancient City. Has beautiful scenery, fresh air and pleasant climate,

 From a bird's-eye view of Xinyang, the beautiful mountains and rivers of Huainan and the wild plains of Huainan and Huaibei blend into each other, creating a natural scenery in which the soft south and the hard-north blend into each other. Here, you can feel the profoundness of Chinese tea culture.

 

(Xinyang Scenery)

 

Throughout the history of tea production in Xinyang, Xinyang Shihe District should be mentioned. Xinyang Shihe District, is China's northern tea region, is a subtropical to warm temperate transition zone, with significant monsoon climate characteristics. For four distinct seasons, it has abundant light (average annual temperature 15.1 ℃ per year), abundant rainfall (average rainfall of 1109 mm per year), and the soil is fertile and suitable for vegetation growth. Jia Mu Shen Cong -tea tree, in this beautiful land - Henan, exhale fragrance, show the charm at all.

Shihe District, Xinyang City, Shihe District Tea Hill, the average elevation between 300 and 800 meters, the soil is deep loose, humus content more and high fertility (PH value between 4-6.5) These provide rich nutrients for the growth of tea trees. The plant here enjoys high mountain clouds and fog, heavy rainfall, moist air (relative humidity of more than 75%). The sun rises late and falls earlier, with the significant temperature difference between day and night. The tea buds and leaves grow slowly, accumulate more active substances. The tea growing in this area has a long growth cycle, but rich accumulation of organic matter, few pests and diseases, and excellent tea quality. Famous Poet Su Dongpo (In China Northern Song Dynasty) called this "Xinyang Black tea is the first in the Huainan area".

  Now back to our product Zheng Shan Tang- Xinyang black tea: Same raw materials specially selected from the original mountain tea hill lapsang varieties and Xinyang unique tea breed named Xinyang 10th,  combined with more than 400 years of black tea culture and tea-making techniques inherited from Zheng Shan Tang and innovative technology of the Jin Jun Mei, upholds the ecological concept of harmony between man and nature by experienced tea makers with great respect. Its dry leaves is meaningful and elegant, the color is moist, with golden, yellow and black; the liquid color is clear, with golden rings; the aroma is fragrant, rich and full; the taste is mellow and rich. The "Xinyang Rhyme", a perfect blend of chestnut and Osmanthus aromas, shows the sweetness of ecological tea in Xinyang tea area. It has a long and refreshing taste in the mouth, like going into the mangrove tea mountains in the morning and experiencing the beautiful landscape of Xinyang.

In 2010, Zheng Shan Tang (Lapsang) Tea Company in many visits, in line with the guidance of based on resources, play characteristics, deep cultivation of humanities, do the brand propaganda. The two parties agreed on the goal of the joint project to develop "Zheng Shan Tang - Xinyang Black tea". Since then, this black tea with local characteristics, due to its safety, healthy, natural quality and unique taste, has been popular among consumers. Sought after, not only let many tea lovers enjoy the charm of the "Northern Jiangnan" black tea, but also promote the Xinyang black Tea industry development to meet the needs of consumers, and then become a business card of Henan black tea.

In 2013, the successful registration of "Xinyang Black tea" Geographical Indication Certification Trademark marks the transformation of Xinyang tea's geographical advantages into an industry and an Economic brand, greatly enhance the Xinyang black tea brand image, improve the additional value of tea agricultural products, enhance market competitiveness, while driving more tea farmers on the road to wealthy, become the booster of local economic development.

 With the magnificence of tea, the peace of humans, the Zheng Shan Tang· XinYang Black tea is made with piety, so that everyone who likes tea, in every drop of tea soup, every scent of tea, feel the grace and the charm of China Huaishang culture.

 

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Tea Region - Badong Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Badong Black Tea

Explore Badong

Badong, where the Shen Nung [2600B.C.] discovered tea at this area.

In the secret place at 30 degrees north latitude.

leaning against the Shennongjia in the north and the Wuling Mountains in the south

It is the breeding ground of tea culture and tea industry and has a long history of the tea.

Bashan tea plantation ecological environment-Good tea grows in good environment.

 

As one of the ancient birthplaces of tea, the history of tea production in Badong can be traced back to 2700 years ago, both with the dual nature and humanities dense Advantage.

 

Badong unique natural ecological conditions, has both "Wushan mountain cloud rain of the aura, Yi ling area of the refreshing" suitable for tea environment, with” high mountain clouds and fog out of the unique terrain of "famous tea", coupled with the advantages of selenium-rich, Badong tea has always occupied a place in the market, as early as the Tang Dynasty. Badong town tribute tea became famous in Chang an (the capital of the Tang Dynasty).

Enshi city, known as the world's selenium city, its culture is widely spread in China.

The tea produced in Badong is rich in selenium, which is a rare organic tea raw material due to natural gifts.

Selenium-rich tea is special local product of Enshi city, it grows in the original high mountains above sea level of 1000, "selenium" is called the "king of cancer prevention" of the trace

elements by scientists, can improve the human immune function.

 

Unique Tujia tea culture

Badong belongs to Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, and the Tujia family accounts for 43% of the total population. Drinking tea is not only the daily life of the Tujia, but also a kind of ritual, oil tea soup, tea in four ways, tea in a pot, etc. are unique Tea Diet of the Tujia.

 

The tea of the Tujia region has long been into the "official royalty" family, the sheep's milk mountain in Badong was the base of tribute tea, in history tea is the famous tribute of the Tujia region to the central of the dynasty.

Hundreds of tea farmers living in the mountains create a "tea song" in the labor and production, the traditional tea culture of the Tujia family has been passed down to this day, and become unique China tea culture.

Zheng Shan Tang (Lapsang)-Badong Black Tea.

With the mission of reviving and promoting Chinese black tea, Zheng Shan Tang brings the innovative black tea processing of Jin Jun Mei to Badong for the first time. More than 400 years of black tea culture and production techniques, devotion to the production, and the creation of Zheng Shan Tang - Badong black tea. Become the "originated from the Shennongjia Growing in the Wuling Mountains, produced by the Yangtze River, "black tea treasures!

 

Badong Black Tea -Dried leaves

 

Zheng Shan Tang - Badong black tea, the shape of the cord is tight and thin, the color is moist, golden yellow and black.

Badong Black Tea liquid: Golden translucent Color, with golden ring around the cup edge; light aroma which show the flowers and fruit; taste sweet, smooth, full, sweet obvious. The water of Shennong River in Badong, accompanied by the China Three Gorges valley of the tea fragrance, dial between the tea, the fragrance is fully revealed.

 

Badong black tea wet leaves color is tender and bright red. With a long history of ancient tea origins, selenium-rich tea, combined with Zheng Shan Tang innovative technology, let you enjoy the Badong tea culture, taste a product of the Badong best tea.

Badong Black tea Photo:

 

 

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Tea Region - Guzhang Black Tea - Lapsangstore

Tea Region - Guzhang Black Tea

Zheng Shan Tang (Lapsang) - Guzhang Black tea.

Guzhang black tea: a tea in the dream of Xiangxi region

Zheng Shan Tang assembles the finest raw materials from nine black tea producing areas.

Strictly following the Jun Mei process and standards.

 

Nine flavors of classic black tea made with the finest craftsmanship.

Lapsang -Splendid China black tea.

Explore Guzhang.

Guzhang city, in the western part of Hunan.

within the territory of the Wuling Mountains, high mountains and deep valleys.

It is a fertile land of deep tea country.

 

Guzhang - Thousand Years Black tea town

Guzhang start planting tea originated in the Eastern Han Dynasty, more than 2000 years ago. Guzhang tea first been recorded in the Eastern Han Dynasty and the Tang Dynasty that been listed as the Royal tribute

 

Guzhang Mountains and fertile land.

Guzhang territory lies across the Wuling Mountains, lush forests, streams, clouds and mist, abundant rainfall, mild climate, fertile soil, and Rich in phosphorus, it is the world's tea "golden industrial zone".

Guzhang black tea is not only beautiful in appearance, but also rich in nutrients, which has a strong aroma and sweet aftertaste after brewing. Due to the unique ecological geographical conditions.

 

Guzhang – Xiang Xi region traditional tea drinking activities.

People lived in multi-ethnic settlement, rich in ethnic characteristics of numerous folk activities, and most of them are related to tea, such as the four courses of drinking tea, Hakka Lui Cha, all produced by the fusion of the tea and its ethnic culture.

Lapsang Splendid China, Guzhang black tea:

Use more than 50 years old tea tree as raw material, lapsang innovated process, with the utmost care and precision.

Splendid China – Guzhang black tea, show the tight and heavy dry leaves; the tea liquor is gold yellow, bright and translucent, with golden ring around; aroma is Long lasting - a combination of floral, honey and fruit aroma; fresh, sweet and delicate taste with rhyme of fir; sip, sweet after tasting and lingering fragrance. Lasting.

 

A cup of Guzhang black tea, fragrant, sweet and delicate, the aftertaste is endless, just like a thousand-turning dream of Xiangxi culture, making people long-lasting steeped.

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