Left Continue shopping
Your Order

You have no items in your cart

You might like
From $10.20 $12.00
Show options
The history of white tea - Lapsangstore

The history of white tea

Do you often hear such remarks: "In the past, no one drank white tea at all, and half of it was sold and half of it was given away." It is always common in the tea lovers. So today, I want to share with you the history of white tea.

一、When did white tea originate?


There are many different viewpoints. Among the six types of tea, white tea has the simplest production process. No twisting揉捻, no heating杀青, only withering萎凋 and drying干燥.

After the buds of the tea tree are picked, they are naturally spread out to remove most of the moisture inside the tea, and after reaching a dry and storable state, they can become the prototype of white tea. The process of drying is called "withering"萎凋, and the process of losing water is called "drying"干燥.


The germination of tea trees is seasonal. When there is no tea-making technology, in order to drink tea at any time, people will collect the buds and leaves of the tea tree after drying, which is the beginning of tea processing. It is very similar to the way of making herbs in the past.

Therefore, in most of the literature, historical materials and legends, both scholars and people believe that the rise of Chinese white tea benefits from the Chinese people's original concept of "medicine and food homology".

Especially in ancient times when medicine was very underdeveloped, all teas in China started from medicinal purposes.

Professor Chen Chuan(陈椽), an expert in the field of tea science, believes that "from the production process of white tea, we can see the shadow of the origin of tea making."

Professor Yang Wenhui from Hunan Agricultural University has a similar view, believing that the earliest invention in the history of Chinese tea production was not green tea, but white tea.

In the Tang and Song Dynasties, in the era of Emperor Huizong Song , there was a mention of the praise of white tea in the "Daguan Tea Theory"《大观茶论》:

"White tea is one of its own, which is different from regular tea. Its strips are thick and thin, and its leaves are thin. It's like jade in uncut stone , it's incomparable."


However, the white tea process did not appear in the Song Dynasty, but steamed green tea was consumed, so there is still controversy whether this white tea is similar to Anji white tea or white tea from Fujian.

After the white tea spread to Zhenghe政和, Zhenghe tea as a vassal of Beiyuan tribute tea北苑贡茶, paid tribute to the court together. In 1115 AD, after Song Huizong drank the silver needle tea from Guandi County关棣县, very happy, gave Guandi County the title of "Zhenghe". Guandi was changed to Zhenghe. Zhenghe also became the first place in Chinese history to be named by the 
Reign Title.

During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, in the twenty-eighth year of Wanli (1600), Lu Yingyang's陆应阳 "Guangyu Ji"《广舆记》 recorded: "Funing Prefecture Taimu Mountain is famous for its tea, named Green Snow Bud."


There is an ancient tea tree "Green Snow Bud"绿雪芽 on the top of Hongxue Cave鸿雪洞 of Taimu Mountain in Fuding, which is considered to be the original "mother plant"母株 of Fuding White Tea.

About its origin, Fuding has a legend. According to legend, in the era of Emperor Yao尧帝时代, there was a lady named Lan蓝姑 on Taimu Mountain, who cultivated tea for her business and was very kind and charitable. And she used the green snow bud tea she planted as a good medicine for measles and saved countless children. This lady Lan is called "Taimu Niangniang" “太姥娘娘”by Fuding people, and according to legend, the green snow bud tea she planted on Taimu Mountain is the ancient white tea four thousand years ago.

However,this is a legend after all, according to the tea industry leader Mr. Zhang Tianfu张天福 in the article "Fujian Tea History Research"《福建茶史考》: "The history of white tea manufacturing began in Fuding, and then spread to Shuiji水吉 in Jianyang建阳, and then to Zhenghe. In terms of the types of tea making, there are silver needles银针 first, then white peony白牡丹, Gongmei贡眉, and Shoumei寿眉; first Xiaobai小白, then Dabai大白, and then narcissus white水仙白."

The "Investigation and Research of Fujian White Tea" 《福建白茶的调查研究》also mentions the origin of white tea It should be marked by the silver needle created in Fuding in the first year of Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty (1796).

In Fuding, there has always been a tradition of making bud tea. In the 44th year of Wanli Ming Dynasty (1616), "Funing Zhou Zhi, Food and Goods, Gong Discrimination" 《福宁州志·食货·贡辨》records: "Bud tea is 84 catties and 12 taels, and the price is 13 taels, 2 cents and 2 cents; leaf tea is 61 catties, 11 taels, and the price is silver. 1 tael, 4 money, 7 cents and 9 cents." (Funing Prefecture: present-day Ningde, Fujian, under the jurisdiction of Fuding County).

This passage shows that Fuding merchants in the Ming Dynasty were used to selling tea at different prices according to their grades.

And Xiaobai, Dabai, and Narcissus bai refer to different varieties of white peony: the varieties of mixed breed tea(菜茶) are Xiaobai, Fuding Dabai, Fu'an Dabai, Zhenghe Dabai, and Fuding Big pekoe are called Dabai. The narcissus variety is called Narcissus White. Here I have to talk about the emergence of white tea tea varieties.

二、Emergence of Modern White Tea Tea Tree Varieties

After the silver needle was first created by Fuding in 1796 (the first year of Jiaqing), it was made from the buds of mixed breed tea(菜茶). However, due to the small buds of mixed breed tea(菜茶), the appearance and taste were not good, so it was not widely promoted.

(Mixed breed tea refers to a tea tree that is bred from seeds and is a shrub. Cultivation history of about 1000 years. Due to the long-term use of seeds for reproduction, natural variation and mixed shapes are caused.)

The turning point came in 1857 , when Chen Huan陈焕, a tea merchant from Bailiu Village柏柳村, Duoduo Town点头镇, Fuding, found a large white tea mother tree with many pekoe and exposed in Taimu Mountain. It was brought back to the village to breed and became today's Fuding Dabai.

In 1880 , another fine variety of white tea, Fuding Dahao, was selected and bred in Wangjiayang Village汪家洋村, Duoduo Town点头镇. So far, Fuding White Tea has the foundation for stable development.

Fuding Dabai tea and Fuding big pekoe tea are what we call "Huacha No. 1" and "Huacha No. 2" today. Among the national-level tea tree varieties and provincial-recognized varieties, As many as 25 kinds of tea trees are bred with Fuding Dabaicha as the male or female parent.

In 1880, a wild tea tree was planted in the old courtyard of Wei Nian's魏年 family in Tieshan Town铁山镇,Zhenghe. This tree is Zhenghe Dabai. After the wall collapsed and overwhelmed the tree, new seedlings sprang up unexpectedly. The locals inadvertently invented the method of growing tea seedlings by layering. The Zhenghe Dabai, discovered by chance, was gradually promoted until the Silver Needle was produced in 1890.


However, it is not a high-yielding variety. Compared with Fu'an white tea, which was successfully bred in Fu'an in 1960, it is 20-30 days later, has a short growth cycle, and is not as productive as Fu'an white tea. Therefore, when white tea is hot in recent years, local farmers generally prefer to plant other varieties with higher yields and earlier picking periods.


It is customary for people to call the silver needles produced by Fuding as "North Road Silver Needles" and Zhenghe's as "South Road Silver Needles".

When brewing, the Silver Needles produced in Fuding has a light apricot yellow soup color and a fresh taste; while the Silver Needles produced by Zhenghe generally has a mellow soup taste and a fragrant aroma.

三、The export history of white tea

Talking about the foreign trade of tea in modern Fujian, it can be traced back to the period of five trades in 1860.

Before, the export ports of tea were all located in Guangdong.

The main varieties of tea exported at that time were green tea, black tea and oolong tea. Especially black tea, because it is highly sought after by the British, has long been a popular hot product. According to Fuding's local records, there were as many as 20,000 boxes of black tea sold in China at that time, while only 2,000 boxes of white tea were sold.

White tea, as a niche tea at that time, also quietly entered the life of Europeans in 1890 (the sixteenth year of Guangxu). Some consumers in the European and American markets will add a little silver needles in black tea because they like the shape of silver needles to increase the beauty and quality.

White tea, as a niche tea at that time, also quietly entered the life of Europeans in 1890 (the sixteenth year of Guangxu). Some consumers in the European and American markets will add a little silver needles in black tea because they like the shape of silver needles to increase the beauty and quality.

In 1910, white tea began to sell well in Europe and the United States, and from 1912 to 1916 was the heyday of Silver Needles. At that time, Fuding,zhenghe and the two places produced more than 1,000 dan (1 dan = 50 kg) of silver needles each year, and each dan of silver needles was worth 320 silver dollars, which is equivalent to 3.2 silver dollars for 1 catty of silver needles. And this money can buy 100 catties of rice or 3 mu of land.

With the outbreak of World War I (1917-1921) and the influence of black tea production areas and craftsmanship, the black tea market shrank. In the midst of this change, white tea quickly occupied a place in export tea.

By 1924, with the temporary stability of the European situation, the export volume of white tea rose rapidly.

According to historical records, the purchase price of silver needles exported to Germany in 1926 was as high as 6,520 silver dollars per ton.

Driven by high returns, the output of Fujian white tea has grown substantially, ushering in an unprecedented development.

At that time, selling and making white tea became the latest and most fashionable standard for mate selection. The folks also compiled such a proverb: Marrying a girl does not admire a rich man, but only asks about tea and silver needles.

After the outbreak of the domestic anti-Japanese war, the production and export of Fujian white tea experienced the first low ebb. During this period, the national tea production dropped sharply. The output of Fujian white tea was reduced from 3,280 taels (1 tael = 50 kg) before the Anti-Japanese War to 1,100 taels in 1950, and export sales were even more dismal.

Until the founding of New China, white tea production gradually recovered. In 1951, it was restored to more than 2,500 taels. In 1956, China Tea Company decided to change the previous pattern of exporting white tea from Fujian and Guangdong ports, and instead export all white tea through Fujian.

In 1968, in order to meet the needs of the Hong Kong and Macao markets and increase the concentration of white tea soup, China Tea Fujian Company formally established a new process for making white tea at Fuding Bailin Tea Factory, which involves rolling the withered leaves for a short time and quickly, and then drying them quickly. dry to produce a new process of white tea.

After 1986, with the opening of the policy, a large number of tea companies invested in the foreign trade of white tea, which promoted the development and prosperity of white tea.

The rise and fall of Yifang Tea is still inseparable from the interpretation of Yifang.

In 2005, with the vigorous support and promotion of the Fuding government, Fuding White Tea began to emerge in China; in 2009, Fuding White Tea was awarded the National Geographical Indication Certification Mark.

Objectively speaking, although white tea has been exported for many years, the domestic market has not been tepid. There are very few old white teas left in the folk, and even if they exist, the grade is not high. So everyone must be cautious when buying old white tea.(Lapsangstore -10 years old white tea

Color comparison of one-year and five-year silver needle dry tea(Lapsangstore-Zheng Shan Tea  silver needle

In addition, while white tea is becoming more and more popular in the domestic market, it also affects the production of white tea in Yunnan. For example, Moonlight White from Yunnan, the production process is the same as that of white tea. It is not fried or kneaded. The front of the leaves is black and the back is white, just like the moonlight shining on the tea buds. Its tea soup is a change of yellow-red-yellow, and the taste is honey and fragrant.

Time flies so fast, white tea has been popular for 10 years. It is another different feeling to taste the small white tea cakes of 2014 again. The small aluminum bag packaging prevents the tea from deteriorating. After aging, the aroma of medicine and jujube is more obvious and rich than before, and the tea soup is thick and smooth.

Lin Feiying -  2014 GongMei 

Read more

Mooncake Food Production License and Test Report

If need high quality photos, please contact us.

Food Production License


 Custard Mooncakes:


Lotus Mooncakes:

Jasmine White Peach Mooncakes:





Read more

Lapsang 2021-05-13


1. Stop using Fedex Shipping method, continue use the DHL shipping as the only when order over $45.

2. Purple Clay Teapot prepare to sell in few days, product details&product ready.

3. Two kinds Tea Powder New Package, no extra package cost!

Read more

What is Jin Jun Mei?

金骏眉属红茶类,由正山堂在传承四百余年的正山小种红茶文化与制作技艺基础上,带领团队于2005年研发出的创新高端红茶。金骏眉以丰富的香气和滋味闻名,它的干茶金黄黑相间、茶汤金黄透亮,有金圈,花、果、蜜香浓郁,经过12道以上冲泡依然饱满甘甜。改革开放之后,中国的红茶市场非常萧条,整个中国都在喝绿茶及茉莉花茶。以出口为主的正山小种也难以销出。 1998年至2000年间 桐木红茶大批改制乌龙茶,为解决茶叶滞销、茶山荒芜的状况,江元勋开始将茶叶送至德、日、美、进行产品有机认证…
Read more

Lapsang souchong-The international China Black Tea

The Lapsang Souchong is the first black tea in the world history. Originated from the Tongmu Pass in Wuyi Mountains, it has 400 years of history. Lapsang Souchong was called Bohea in Europe in early times. “Bohea” is the pronunciation in Minan dialect for Wuyi Mountainswhich according to the Family Pedigree of jiang, was born in around 1568 AD (Middle and Late Ming Dynasty). Keemun Black TeaAssam Black TeaDarjeeling Black TeaCeylon Highland Black Tea and other black teas in the world are originated from the Lapsang Souchong.

In 1662King Charles ll of England married the Portuguese princess Catherine who brought with her, as part of her dowry, a small chest of tea to the British Royal Family. As the new queenCatherine began to substituted wine with tea and introduced black tea to the upper class. Since then, from top to downAfternoon Tea swept the country till now.

Read more

5 Acres of Wild Tea Forest Get Me Out Of Poverty

On August 18, Enshi Daily reported the story of Wang Shijie, a poor household in Badong County, who got out of poverty due to tea. The following is the oral content, and the full text is reproduced as follows: 

Original newspaper digital view link:

At 6 o'clock in the morning on August 11, I drove a tricycle to my hometown 7 kilometers away and weed 0.6 Acres of konjac field.

It takes less than 10 days to weed and fertilize every year. With a bumper harvest in three years, 4 Mu of konjac can earn 30,000 yuan.

My name is Wang Shijie, and I am a poor household with a registered card. In 2018, our family of four moved from the hillside of Xiaoshennongjia Village, Yanduhe Township, Badong County to a resettlement site under the mountain. We lived in a new house of 100 square meters with three bedrooms and two living rooms without paying a cent. The front door is connected by a cement road and it is only 10 minutes away from the village clinic.

Badong County↑

I was born in the 1950s. I had eaten grass roots and leaves, and lived with my parents in thatched sheds. When i was 29, married and started a family. Carried thin stone slabs from the river valley to build a house. I could only carry it once a day, and it took six months to build a wedding house.

My wife Li Changying and I cultivate 1.67 acres of land, feed five or six pigs a year, and raise one child and one daughter. After a year of hardship, there was no savings.

In 2019, a piece of "pie" hit us: wild tea can sell for money! My family has 5 acres of mountain forest, and the forest is full of wild tea trees.

Badong County↑

In March 2019, Fujian Zhengshantang Tea Company came to Badong to develop the "Badong Red" series of black tea. The village party secretary Wang Shi first knew that wild tea from Xiaoshennongjia was a treasure, and that the original wild tea was a high-quality raw material for making black tea.

After Wang Shixian buildinging connection, Zhengshantang Tea Company came to the village to inspect the wild tea forest. Collect fresh leaf samples, after testing, they contain selenium, green and pollution-free.

After getting the wild tea test report, Wang Shixian was as happy as he had won the prize. He led the villagers into the mountains, counted wild tea trees, and found out a total of 200 acres of wild tea forests. At the same time, the villagers were organized to protect and manage the tea trees, and set the rules: no cut down thick trees, no fertilizer, clean the weeds around the tea trees, and shade the branches.

Badong Villagers Picking Tea ↑

In less than two months, the villagers began to pick wild tea. My wife and I collected 200 kilograms of fresh leaves in 10 days and sold them for 12,000 yuan.

The 78 relocation households in the village all went to their own mountain forests to pick wild tea, and the average household income increased by nearly 8,000 yuan. Wang Shixian worked as both a technician and purchaser, and the fresh leaves were transported into the tea workshop of Zhengshantang Tea Company.

This year's spring tea picking season, my wife and I brought dry food and teapots, and went into the mountains in the dark. We picked 270 kg of fresh leaves in half a month, and 17,000 yuan was put in our pockets. With 5 acres of nearly 3,000 wild tea trees, I became a big wild tea farmer in the village, and I can no longer hinder the village’s well-off.

At a mass meeting in the village not long ago, Wang Shi first broke the good news: the wild tea in the village was crowned with the name "Zhengshantang Badong Red Xiao Shennongjia Wild Tea", and won the prize in the 2019 World Black Tea Product Quality Selection Activity Product quality gold medal, only two black teas in the province won the gold medal. This is a gift from nature to Xiao Shennongjia Village, and it is also our confidence to take off the poor hat.

Read more

Bring together the "freshness" of spring

In April in Wuyi, the sun is shining and the mountains are verdant, you can breathe in the fragrance of the soil, with the breath of grass. It is the time of the year when people look forward to a good tea.

The tea is the way people and nature get along. From the sweet, soft and delicate taste of the tea, feel in the mountain streams of clouds and flowers and plants. The birth of a good cup of tea cannot be separated from the unique ecological environment, nor can it be separated from the craftsmanship of the tea makers!

The high demand for raw materials for the Jin Jun Mei and the meticulous and strict production process are the only way to guarantee its consistent high-level quality.

After the fresh buds are picked and selected, they can be under withering, which is the basic process to form the quality characteristics of the Jin Jun Mei.

The purpose of withering is to let the tea buds, firstly, evaporate the water, soften the tea green, so that it can be easily twisted into strips; secondly, promote the change of the internal substances, It is also important for the formation of the unique aroma of Jin Jun Mei.

In addition, the loss of water will cause a series of changes in the contents of the substances, which will lay the foundation for the formation of black tea color, aroma and taste. The basis for change.      

The methods of withering are various, including natural withering, artificial withering and sunlight withering.

Since there is a lot of rain in the spring in the Tongmu county, where the Jin Jun Mei originates, the efficiency and quality of the withering process can be improved to overcome the influence of unfavorable weather. Zheng Shan Tang Jin Jun Mei mainly adopts artificial indoor oxygenation and warming withering, supplemented by daylight withering.

With this method, the content of soluble nitrogen and caffeine is high because the buds are fully withered, thus the tea is high in the content of theaflavin, high in quality, and has a good quality and soup is golden.

The tea rolling means that the tea leaves are shrunk and rolled into strips by the method of kneading and twisting.

Kneading shapes the tea leaves, destroys the tea cells, overflows the tea juice, accelerates the enzymatic oxidation of polyphenolic compounds, and the polyphenolic compounds are the main components of the tea, Oxidation of phenolic compounds results in the formation of "theaflavins".

In addition, twisting plays a very important role in creating the fresh and sweet taste quality of the Jin Jun Mei, as well as in shaping its firm and oily shape. This lay the foundation for improving the quality of the finished tea.

As the buds are fresh, the process of rolling and twisting is more complicated and difficult, which tests the skills of the tea maker. It is also one of the unique characteristics of the Jin Jun Mei process.

"Fermentation" is centered on the enzymatic oxidation of polyphenolic substances, which is the key process to form the color, aroma and flavor characteristics of Jin Jun Mei. polyphenols. Temperature, humidity and oxygen content are important environmental conditions that affect the enzymatic oxidation of tea polyphenols.

Drying is the last step in the processing of the tea steppe. it is also the final level to determine the quality of the Jin Jun Mei. The purpose of drying is to use high temperature to destroy the enzyme activity and stop the enzymatic oxidation; secondly, to evaporate the water and tighten the tea bar, so that the tea bar can be fully dried. Drying can prevent non-enzymatic oxidation and keep maintain quality; thirdly, it gives off green odor to further improve and develop aroma.

With sufficient roasting, the aroma of Jin Jun Mei is not only pure and high quality, but also low water content, generally 3%-4%, which means can be stored for a long time and thus can be used as a foodstuff. No deterioration.

The secret of "clear, fragrant and sweet" is hidden in each spring tea bud, which is the inner condition for the formation of excellent quality. After the craftsmanship of the tea people, the inner potential of the tea buds is uncovered, so that each tea bud can bloom its natural charm.

Good tea cannot be obtained without, authentic craftsmanship and ecological blessings, historical heritage and a tea people's heart.

Read more

Jin Jun Mei 2020 Spring black tea on sale for now!

A cup of Lapsong spring tea.

Enjoy the essence of the four seasons

2020 Jin Jun Mei Spring Tea

Open sale on April 15.

From tea hills to cups

Located in Tongmu county of Wuyi Mountain, where spring is always "one step behind", Before you drink it, you'll be half-sound and half-drunk. Shield the noise, solemnly, just to quietly wait for this cup of spring tea.

Wuyi Mountain Nature Reserve, which is a world cultural and natural heritage site, rich in species, complete biological chains, and forested mountains. The landscape of high mountains and deep valleys is very conducive to the growth of tea trees.

The average altitude of Camellia Hill is 800 ~ 1500 meters, high altitude, low temperature, high Precipitation, humidity, and long fog days and other advantages of growth. The climatic conditions make the tea tree rich in intrinsic nourishment.

The special natural geography of the protected area makes the soil distribution and properties unique. The main zone of tea distribution in the zone has a soil pH of 4.5-5 and a soil thickness of 30-90 cm, which makes the soil naturally High fertility.

The tea trees of Zheng Shan Spring Tea are grown in the pristine, high-altitude tea hills, with clusters of tea trees scattered in mountain streams, and wild forest trees. The symbiosis of flowers and grasses, the formation of a unique microclimate, natural purity, make the spring tea of excellent quality.

The Jin Jun Mei is very strict about raw materials. Only spring buds are picked once a year, with light green buds on top grade, light yellow and purple buds in the middle, and dark green buds in second place. The buds should be picked on the same day and made on the same day, but not on rainy days.

After picking, the tea buds are made by experienced old tea masters. It is the precise control of temperature, humidity and time that makes the tea liquid both gold and clear.

Because of the centuries of skill inheritance and continuous innovation that the richness and taste of the high-quality tea buds can be perfectly presented. Zheng Shan Tang's spring tea contains more than 400 years of precipitation of black tea culture and skill inheritance, condensed the beauty of natural and the hard work of the farmers.

Multiple factors such as the timing, geographical location, and human harmony can create the quality of "clear, fragrant and sweet" of the Jin Jun Mei spring tea, which is sweet in the mouth and mellow when brewing. The sweetness is sweet, with a long-lasting and clear aftertaste.

The first brewing, clear, fresh, fragrant. A wave of flowers, fruits and nectar impacted the sense of smell and taste, straight through the organs.

The second brewing, the tea liquid becomes more lubricious, the aroma is more full-bodied and fragrant, floral, fruity, honey, wonderful.

In the third brewing, the bottom taste of mellow tea is gradually revealed, and the lips and teeth are sweet, without astringency, full of warmth, especially suitable for full aftertaste. Still have the flavor after twelve or thirty brewing.


Read more